There are three types of bleeding and the type can usually be identified by how fast the blood flows:

There are three main methods for controlling bleeding:



Direct Pressure

Place direct pressure over the wound by putting a clean dressing over the wound and pressing firmly.

Maintain pressure on the dressing over the wound by wrapping the wound firmly with a pressure bandage and tying with a bow.


Elevate the wound above the level of the heart.

Pressure Points

Put pressure on the nearest pressure point to slow the flow of blood to the wound.  Use the:

  • Brachial point for bleeding in the arm
  • Femoral point for bleeding in the leg
  • Popliteal point for bleeding in the lower leg